The Battle of Pharsalus was the decisive battle of Caesar’s Civil War fought on 9 August 48 BC near Pharsalus in central Greece. Julius Caesar and his allies formed up opposite the army of the Roman Republic under the command of Pompey.

Battle of Pharsalus.

Date 9 August 48 BC
Result Caesarian victory

How did Caesar win the Battle of Pharsalus?

His enemies knew they could depend upon Caesar’s word. In short: Julius Caesar won the battle of Pharsalus because his enemies knew he would not kill them when it was over, and dance on their graves.

Why was the Battle of Pharsalus important?

Pharsalus was one of the decisive battles of world history. It ended the 500-year history of the Roman Republic and launched the 500- year history of the Roman Empire. It ended the rule of the Senate and replaced it with the rule of the Emperors.

Why did Pompey lose the Battle of Pharsalus?

Caesar had recently been defeated by Pompey when the two met again in Greece. Though Pompey had twice as many men, Caesar used unorthodox tactics to overwhelm him. Pompey fled and about half his men surrendered; the rest were killed or took flight.

What happened in 48 BCE at Pharsalus?

In the Battle of Pharsalus, on 9 August 48 BCE, the Roman general Julius Caesar defeated the troops of the Roman Senate, commanded by his rival Pompey the Great. Caesar’s victory marked the end of the Roman republic.

Who won Battle of Pharsalus?

Caesar’s

Caesar’s victory at Pharsalus was the deciding battle of the civil war. Pompey’s army suffered some 15,000 casualties, and 24,000 of its soldiers were taken prisoner.

Did Pompey betray Caesar?

Caesar made sure to address his men: according to his own account, he spoke of injustices done to him by his political enemies, how Pompey had betrayed him, and focused mostly on how the rights of tribunes had been trampled by the Senate’s ignoring tribunician vetoes, parading the tribunes who had fled the city before

How did Pompey lose power?

Pompey’s political alliance with Julius Caesar had weakened by 54 BCE, and it collapsed with the death of Julia, Caesar’s daughter and Pompey’s wife.

Why did Pompey fear Caesar?

Pompey | Battle of Pharsalus. Even though Caesar was spreading Roman influence abroad, he did not get the Senate’s approval to embark on his conquests, and they considered his actions an act of war. Pompey had grown envious of Caesar’s success in the Gallic Wars and also feared he had become too powerful.

Did Pompey steal the eagle?

Importantly, they establish that the eagle was stolen by Pompey. The fissure between Pompey and Julius Caesar widens into a chasm, especially as at the end we see that Pompey has married again – not to Octavia, but to a woman in the faction opposing Julius Caesar.

Why was Pompey the Great important?



During his long career, Pompey the Great displayed exceptional military talents on the battlefield. He fought in Africa and Spain, quelled the slave revolt of Spartacus, cleared the Mediterranean of pirates, and conquered Armenia, Syria and Palestine.

Who was Pompey and why was he important?

Pompey the Great (September 29, 106 BCE–September 28, 48 BCE) was one of the main Roman military leaders and statesmen during the final decades of the Roman Republic. He made a political alliance with Julius Caesar, married his daughter, and then fought against him for control of the empire.

Why is Pompey important in Julius Caesar?

He played a significant role in the transformation of Rome from republic to empire. He was (for a time) a student of Roman general Sulla as well as the political ally, and later enemy, of Julius Caesar. A member of the senatorial nobility, Pompey entered into a military career while still young.

Who is Pompey in Julius Caesar and why is he important?

Pompey the Great, Latin in full Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, (born September 29, 106 bce, Rome—died September 28, 48 bce, Pelusium, Egypt), one of the great statesmen and generals of the late Roman Republic, a triumvir (61–54 bce) who was an associate and later an opponent of Julius Caesar.

Why did Pompey fear Caesar?



Pompey | Battle of Pharsalus. Even though Caesar was spreading Roman influence abroad, he did not get the Senate’s approval to embark on his conquests, and they considered his actions an act of war. Pompey had grown envious of Caesar’s success in the Gallic Wars and also feared he had become too powerful.

Did Brutus support Pompey?

Brutus eventually came to oppose Caesar and sided with Pompey against Caesar’s forces during the ensuing civil war (49–45 BC). Pompey was defeated at the Battle of Pharsalus in 48, after which Brutus surrendered to Caesar, who granted him amnesty.