Athens banished Xenophon for fighting on the Spartan side. Xenophon likely followed Agesilaus’ march to Sparta in 394 BC and finished his military journey after seven years.

Was Xenophon exiled?

Exile. Xenophon campaigned with the Thracians and Spartans, and sometime after Socrates’ trial he was exiled from Athens. He then fought under the banner of the Spartan King Agesilaus II, and the Spartans eventually gave him land at Scillus, in Elis.

Who was Xenophon and what did he do?

Xenophon was a Greek philosopher, soldier, historian, memoirist, and the author of numerous practical treatises on subjects ranging from horsemanship to taxation.

Who did Xenophon fight for?


When a Greek coalition, including Athens, rebelled against Spartan hegemony in mainland Greece, Xenophon fought (at Coronea in 394) for Sparta. Whether his service to Sparta caused or reflected his formal exile from Athens remains a matter of some dispute, but exiled he certainly was.

What is the theory of Xenophon?

Here Xenophon assumes that the supply of slaves is limited and the rising price will be the result of an increased demand.

What did Xenophon say about Sparta?

Despite the fact that he found much in Sparta to admire, Xenophon by no means saw Sparta as an ideal state. From Xenophon’s perspective, one of the major flaws in the Spartan system was that it instilled obedience through coercion.

Did Xenophon defend Socrates?

Xenophon’s Defense of Socrates (c. 371 BCE) is a passage from the Memorabilia of Xenophon (l. 430 to c. 354 BCE) in which he addresses the teachings and actions of Socrates of Athens and denounces the charges against him as unjust and unfounded.

What war did Xenophon fight?

Xenophon spent some time working for a Thracian prince, before entering the service of Sparta during the Persian-Spartan War that began in 400 (in the aftermath of Spartan support for Cyrus),.

What does the name Xenophon mean?

foreign voice

Xenophon as a boy’s name is of Greek origin, and the meaning of Xenophon is “foreign voice“.

Where was Xenophon during Socrates trial?

The principal event in the Apology of Socrates to the Jury is Socrates’s rejection of an attack upon his character by Anytus. In 399 BC, Xenophon was serving with the Greek mercenary army of the Ten Thousand (cf. Anabasis), so he was not actually in Athens for the trial of Socrates.

What war was Xenophon in?

the Great Peloponnesian War

Xenophon was born into a wealthy Athenian family in 431 BC, at the start of the Great Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC). As an aristocrat he served in the Athenian cavalry, and was generally opposed to democracy. He was a student of Socrates and a supporter of the un-democratic regimes of 411 and 404.

Did Xenophon fight in the battle of Cunaxa?

The great battle of the revolt of Cyrus took place 70 km north of Babylon, at Cunaxa (Greek: Κούναξα), on the left bank of the Euphrates. The main source is Xenophon, a Greek soldier who participated in the fighting.

Does xenophobia come from Xenophon?

No, xenophobia derives its root from the Greek words for “foreign” and “fear.” The word xeno can also mean “strange.” Therefore, the name Xenophon translates to “strange voice.” The derivation of the term xenophobia had nothing to do with Xenophon.

Was Xenophon a horseman?

Xenophon (430-ca. 335 BCE), a Greek, wrote the first fully preserved manual on the riding horse, “The Art of Horsemanship.” Xenophon was a horseman for his entire life, first as a cavalryman and then as a country gentleman on an estate given to him by the King of Sparta.