50,000 Roman citizens50,000 Roman citizens and another 350,000 allies had been killed, most suffering horrific deaths at sea. The Carthaginians too suffered terribly in the war, a losing effort that left them economically bankrupt, deprived of their possessions in Sicily, and bereft of their signature navy.

Who lost the First Punic War?

Rome won the first Punic War when Carthage agreed to terms in 241 BC, in doing so, Rome became the dominant navy in the Mediterranean Sea, Carthage had to pay for war damages, and Rome took control of all of the Carthaginian lands on the island of Sicily.

How many Romans died against Hannibal?

Due to these brilliant tactics, Hannibal managed to surround and destroy all but a small remnant of his enemy, despite his own inferior numbers. Depending upon the source, it is estimated that 50,000–70,000 Romans were killed or captured.

How many Carthaginians died in the Punic Wars?

Losses: Carthaginian, 62,000 dead and 50,000 enslaved of 112,000 present in the city; Roman, 17,000 of 40,000.

How many Romans died in the Second Punic War?

At least 67,500 Romans were killed or captured. Miles describes Cannae as “Rome’s greatest military disaster”. Toni Ñaco del Hoyo describes the Trebia, Lake Trasimene and Cannae as the three “great military calamities” suffered by the Romans in the first three years of the war.

Who won all 3 Punic Wars?


The three Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome took place over nearly a century, beginning in 264 B.C. and ending in Roman victory with the destruction of Carthage in 146 B.C. By the time the First Punic War broke out, Rome had become the dominant power throughout the Italian peninsula, while Carthage–a powerful city- …

Did Carthaginians crucify generals?

Hannibal was exposed to the cruelty and the barbarity of ancient warfare from an early age, such as the Carthaginian practice of crucifying failed generals in the public square. In one battle in Spain Hamilcar surrounded the army of tribal warriors and slaughtered thousands on the spot and captured thousands more.

Who did the Romans fear the most?

Of all the groups who invaded the Roman Empire, none was more feared than the Huns. Their superior fighting technique would cause thousands to flee west in the 5th century.

Who was Rome’s toughest opponent?

Hannibal Barca

A great general and a masterful tactician, Hannibal Barca is widely considered one of finest military leaders in history. He was the only man that Rome feared. Nowadays, the military prowess and supremacy of ancient Rome is not questioned by the public.

What was Rome’s worst defeat?

Having recovered from their losses at Trebia (218 BC) and Lake Trasimene (217 BC), the Romans decided to engage Hannibal at Cannae, with approximately 86,000 Roman and allied troops.

Battle of Cannae.

Date 2 August 216 BC
Result Carthaginian victory (see Aftermath)

How many Romans died in the Third Punic War?

The war was fought entirely within Carthaginian territory, in modern northern Tunisia. When the Second Punic War ended in 201 BC, one of the terms of the peace treaty prohibited Carthage from waging war without Rome’s permission.

Third Punic War
Unknown Up to 750,000 killed, including civilians 50,000 survivors enslaved

What was the shortest Punic War?

The Third Punic War lasted from 149 B.C.E. until 146 B.C.E. The war was the shortest of three Punic Wars fought between Rome and Carthage. The war started when Carthage attacked Numidia after finishing paying tribute for 50 years to Rome after the Second Punic War.

Was Carthage stronger than Rome?

At the start of the war Carthage was the dominant power of the western Mediterranean, with an extensive maritime empire, while Rome was a rapidly expanding power in Italy, with a strong army but no navy.

Who won the first and last Punic War?

First Punic War

Date 264–241 BC (23 years)
Location Mediterranean Sea, Sicily, North Africa, Italy, Corsica, Sardinia
Result Roman victory
Territorial changes Roman annexation of Sicily (except Syracuse)

Who defeated the Carthaginians?

From the middle of the 3rd century to the middle of the 2nd century bce, Carthage was engaged in a series of wars with Rome. These wars, which are known as the Punic Wars, ended in the complete defeat of Carthage by Rome and the expansion of Roman control in the Mediterranean world.

Who won the First Punic War Carthage and Rome?

The Punic Wars were a series of wars between 264 and 146 BC fought between Rome and Carthage.

Punic Wars.

Date 264 BC – 146 BC
Result Roman victory, destruction of Carthage

Why did Carthage lose the First Punic War?

The first Punic war was lost because of two main reasons: Because the Roman army was superior on land and kept making advances. Because while the Carthaginians didn’t improve inland, the Roman army did improve at sea taking away Carthage’s advantage.

Did any Carthaginians survive?

Scipio agreed that the 50,000 Carthaginian survivors who had sheltered in Byrsa to survive and be sold into slavery, but declared that all Roman deserters who had fought for Carthage would be killed. The city had previously had a population between 200,000 – 400,000.

Did Hannibal ever lose a battle?

At the Battle of Zama in 202 BCE, Hannibal’s forces were defeated by Scipio Africanus and Carthage fell to Rome. Although a brilliant strategist and general, Hannibal was finally defeated, not on the field, but by the government whose interests he had fought for.