According to scholars, the democratization process began after the death of the dictator Francisco FrancoFrancisco FrancoFrancoist Spain (Spanish: España franquista), or the Francoist dictatorship (dictadura franquista), was the period of Spanish history between 1939 and 1975, when Francisco Franco ruled Spain with the title Caudillo. After his death in 1975, Spain transitioned into a democracy.

When did Spain turn into a democracy?

The politics of Spain takes place under the framework established by the Constitution of 1978. Spain is established as a social and democratic sovereign country wherein the national sovereignty is vested in the people, from which the powers of the state emanate.

When did Spain stop being a dictatorship?

Francoist Spain (Spanish: España franquista), or the Francoist dictatorship (dictadura franquista), was the period of Spanish history between 1939 and 1975, when Francisco Franco ruled Spain with the title Caudillo. After his death in 1975, Spain transitioned into a democracy.

How did Spain become a constitutional monarchy?

The Spanish Constitution of 1978 re-established a constitutional monarchy as the form of government for Spain after the end of the Francoist regime and the restoration of democracy in 1977.

What was Spain before Spain?


Hispania, in Roman times, region comprising the Iberian Peninsula, now occupied by Portugal and Spain.

Why did Spain not enter ww2?

Much of the reason for Spanish reluctance to join the war was due to Spain’s reliance on imports from the United States. Spain also was still recovering from its civil war and Franco knew his armed forces would not be able to defend the Canary Islands and Spanish Morocco from a British attack.

Why is Spain called Spain?

Heracles later renounced his throne in preference for his native Greece, leaving his kingdom to his nephew, Espan, from whom the country of España (Spain) took its name. Based upon their testimonies, this eponym would have already been in use in Spain by c. 350 BC.

Why did Spain restore the monarchy?

After almost a century of political instability and many civil wars, the aim of the Restoration was to create a new political system, which ensured stability by the practice of turnismo. This was the deliberate rotation of the Liberal and Conservative parties in the government, often achieved through electoral fraud.

Which country still has a King?


Realm / Kingdom Monarch (Birth) House
State of Qatar Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani (b. 1980) Al Thani
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia King Salman (b. 1935) Al Saud
Kingdom of Spain King Felipe VI (b. 1968) Borbón-Anjou
Kingdom of Sweden King Carl XVI Gustaf (b. 1946) Bernadotte

Is abortion legal in Spain?

Abortion in Spain is legal upon request up to 14 weeks of pregnancy, and at later stages for serious risk to the health of the woman or fetal defects.

What is Spain famous for?

Spain is famous for its easy-going culture, delicious food and stunning scenery. Major cities such as Madrid, Barcelona and Valencia all offer unique traditions, languages and must-see sites! Vibrant festivals such as La Fallas and La Tomatina draw huge crowds of both locals and tourists.

Is Spain in NATO?

NATO currently comprises 30 members, in addition to 21 cooperation partners in the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC), seven Mediterranean Dialogue (MD) partners, four countries that participate in the Istanbul Cooperation Initiative (ICI) and nine “partners across the globe.” Spain became NATO’s 16th member on

What language does Spain speak?

Languages in Spain

Castilian Spanish is the official national language of Spain. However, there are other co-official languages spoken in Spain´s many culturally diverse regions that form an important part of the Spanish cultural patrimony.

Has Spain ever been invaded?

Roman power in Spain collapsed during the 5th century ce when a number of Germanic peoples—the Suebi, the Alani, the Vandals, and finally the Visigoths—invaded the peninsula.

Why Spain is called land of rabbits?

Spain is known as the “Land of Rabbits.” It was named by the Carthaginians somewhere around 300 B.C. They called it Ispania (sphan, meaning “rabbit.”) Evidently, there was an abundance of rabbits that roamed the land back then. The Romans, when they arrived, decided to keep the name, calling it Hispania.

Who is the richest king in the world?

Saudi Arabia – US$1.4 trillion

The House of Saud has ruled since 1744 and even named the country after itself. King Salman has ruled since 2015 and is believed to have a fortune of US$18 billion, making him the richest individual royal on the planet.

What is the oldest monarchy in the world?

According to legend, the Imperial House of Japan was founded in 660 BCE by Japan’s first Emperor, Jimmu, making it the oldest continuous hereditary monarchy in the world. Although Japan’s monarchy has mythological origins, the country recognizes February 11, 660 BCE as the official date of its founding.

How many countries are under Queen Elizabeth?

La Transicion – Spain’s Transition to Democracy

When did communism end in Spain?

The Party was legalized after the January 1977 Atocha massacre, on 9 April 1977, as one of the last steps in the Spanish transition to democracy.

When did Spain become a constitutional monarchy?

From the end of the Spanish Civil War in April 1939 until November 1975, Spain was ruled by Gen. Francisco Franco. The principles on which his regime was based were embodied in a series of Fundamental Laws (passed between 1942 and 1967) that declared Spain a monarchy and established a legislature known as the Cortes.

When did Spain become free?

Spanish transition to democracy

Kingdom of Spain Reino de España
• Death of Franco 20 November 1975
• Political Reform Act 18 November 1976
• 1977 Election 15 June 1977
• Amnesty Law 15 October 1977

How did Spain rise to power?

Spain’s rise to be a European and global power began with the marriage (1469) of queen Isabel of Castile (1474–1504) and king Ferdinand of Aragon (1479–1516), whose realm included Aragon proper, Valencia and Catalonia.

How did Spain become so powerful?

The Reconquista, the battle between the Christian kingdoms and the Moors lasted until 1492, and in 1512 the unification of present-day Spain was completed. During the 16th century, Spain became the most powerful nation in Europe, due to the immense wealth derived from their possessions in the Americas.

How did Spain become so powerful in the 16th century?

Columbus’s colonization of the Atlantic islands inaugurated an era of aggressive Spanish expansion across the Atlantic. Spanish colonization after Columbus accelerated the rivalry between Spain and Portugal to an unprecedented level. The two powers vied for domination through the acquisition of new lands.

When did Spain stop being a superpower?

Through exploration and conquest, Spain became a world power in the 16th century, and maintained a vast overseas empire until the 19th century. Its modern history was marked by the bitter civil war of 1936-39, and the ensuing decades-long dictatorship of Francisco Franco.

Why was Spain the most powerful empire?

The death of the Ottoman emperor Suleiman the Magnificent in 1566 and the naval victory over the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Lepanto in 1571 gave Spain a claim to be the greatest power not just in Europe but also in the world.

What was the most powerful country in the 16th century?

The Rzeczpospolita was one of the largest, most powerful and most populous countries in 16th, 17th, and 18th century Europe. In fact, Poland was a superpower that imposed its policy on weaker neighbors.

Who will be the superpower in 2050?

1. China. And, to one’s surprise, China will be the most powerful economy in the world in 2050.

Who is the biggest superpower in the world?

The United States of America

United States. The United States of America is a North American nation that is the world’s most dominant economic and military power. Likewise, its cultural imprint spans the world, led in large part by its popular culture expressed in music, movies and television.

Who is stronger China or USA?

The United States enjoys overwhelming advantages over China. The United States outweighs China in terms of gross domestic product (GDP), technology, and military spending. China’s GDP is 15 percent of global GDP, compared to 24 percent of the United States.

Which country will be the next superpower?

World superpowers, also called global superpowers, are the world’s most powerful nations.

World Superpowers 2022.

Country 2022 Population
Russia 144,713,314