Ho Chi MinhThe founding father of modern Vietnam is Ho Chi MinhHo Chi MinhHe served as Prime Minister of Vietnam from 1945 to 1955 and as President from 1945 until his death in 1969. Ideologically a Marxist–Leninist, he served as Chairman and First Secretary of the Workers’ Party of Vietnam. Hồ Chí Minh was born in Nghệ An province in the French protectorate of Annam.

Who led the Vietnamese against the French?

nationalist Ho Chi Minh

Despite financial assistance from the United States, nationalist uprisings against French colonial rule began to take their toll. On May 7, 1954, the French-held garrison at Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam fell after a four month siege led by Vietnamese nationalist Ho Chi Minh.

Who led the Vietnamese against both the French and the United States?





Among the 20th century revolutionaries, Ho Chi Minh waged the longest — and in terms of human lives sacrificed, the costliest — battle against colonial power. The forces he led fought and defeated the Japanese, the French and finally the Americans in his fight for Vietnamese independence.

Did Ho Chi Minh fight the French?

In northwest Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh’s Viet Minh forces decisively defeat the French at Dien Bien Phu, a French stronghold besieged by the Vietnamese communists for 57 days.

Who was the leader of the anti French movement in Vietnam?

Ho Chi Minh



At the end of World War II, Ho Chi Minh—the Vietnamese Communist leader—seized an opportunity to escape decades of French rule. Japanese troops had taken control of Vietnam in 1945. The day Japan surrendered to the Allies, Ho Chi Minh declared independence in front of a crowd of exhilarated Vietnamese.

Who fought the French in Vietnam?

The French Indochina War broke out in 1946 and went on for eight years, with France’s war effort largely funded and supplied by the United States. Finally, with their shattering defeat by the Viet Minh at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in May 1954, the French came to the end of their rule in Indochina.



How did Viet Minh defeat French?

As the Viet Minh anti-aircraft fire took its toll and artillery bombarded the airstrip, effectively preventing takeoffs and landings, fewer and fewer of those supplies reached the French. The garrison was overrun in May after a two-month siege, and most of the French forces surrendered.

Did Ho Chi Minh start the Vietnam War?

Ho Chi Minh declared Vietnam’s independence from France on September 2, 1945, just hours after Japan’s surrender in World War II. When the French rejected his plan, the Viet Minh resorted to guerilla warfare to fight for an independent Vietnam. Did you know?

Who fought the French in Vietnam after ww2?

The Việt Minh launched their first ever large-scale attack against the French. The Việt Minh military leader, Võ Nguyên Giáp, had three divisions of soldiers stationed near Hanoi and used his few pieces of artillery to blast away at the French.

Did Vietnam win against the French?



The Battle of Dien Bien Phu, fought from March 13 to May 7, 1954, was a decisive Vietnamese military victory that brought an end to French colonial rule in Vietnam.

What is Ho Chi Minh known for?

What did Ho Chi Minh accomplish? Ho Chi Minh led a long and ultimately successful campaign to make Vietnam independent. He was president of North Vietnam from 1945 to 1969, and he was one of the most influential communist leaders of the 20th century.

Did Vietnam ever fight France?

The French conquest of Vietnam (1858–1885) was a long and limited war fought between the Second French Empire, later the French Third Republic and the Vietnamese empire of Đại Nam in the mid-late 19th century.

Why did the Vietnamese fight the French?

After World War II, France sought to reestablish its control over the region. It sent troops to restore colonial rule. They were opposed by the Viet Minh, a Communist-based movement headed by Vietnamese nationalist Ho Chi Minh that sought independence for Vietnam.

How did the Vietnamese resist the French?



One of the more successful resistance leaders, Phan Dinh Phung, eluded the French for a decade, using guerrilla warfare underpinned by military organisation and discipline.

Who fought the French in Vietnam after ww2?

The Việt Minh launched their first ever large-scale attack against the French. The Việt Minh military leader, Võ Nguyên Giáp, had three divisions of soldiers stationed near Hanoi and used his few pieces of artillery to blast away at the French.

Why are the French fighting the Vietnamese?

The central fact of French involvement in Vietnam was the persistent seven-year effort to re-establish French colonial rule. French forces were pitted against a Communist-led revolution for national independence; at no point did France offer Vietnam the alternative of non-Communist independence.

Are there still French in Vietnam?

After 1954, French fell into disuse in North Vietnam, and maintained a high status in South Vietnam. Since the Fall of Saigon in 1975, French has declined in modern Vietnam: in 2018, under 1% of the population was fluent in French.

Influence on Vietnamese.

Vietnamese French English
xăng, ét-xăng essence gasoline

How long did the French rule Vietnam?



French conquest of Vietnam

Date 1 September 1858 – 9 June 1885 (26 years, 9 months, 1 week and 1 day)
Location Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Southern China, Fujian, Taiwan
Result French victory Treaty of Huế Patenôtre Accords Treaty of Tientsin Vietnamese monarchy became a French vassal state Beginning of French Indochina