Athenian society was composed of four main social classes – slaves, metics (non-citizen freepersons), women, and citizens, but within each of these broad classes were several sub-classes (such as the difference between common citizens and aristocratic citizens).

What kind of society is Athens?

Athenian society was a patriarchy; men held all rights and advantages, such as access to education and power. Nonetheless, some women, known as hetaeras, did receive an education with the specific purpose of entertaining men, similar to the Japanese geisha tradition.

What was Athens culture like?

Ancient Athenians were a thoughtful people who enjoyed the systematic study of subjects such as science, philosophy, and history, to name a few. Athenians placed a heavy emphasis on the arts, architecture, and literature. The Athenians built thousands of temples and statues that embodied their understanding of beauty.

What was ancient Athens like?

Athens was the largest and most powerful Greek state. It was a city with lots of beautiful public buildings, shops and public baths. The people of Athens lived below the Acropolis (rocky hill). The marble Parthenon, a temple, (see picture above) was built on the highest part of the Acropolis.

What were the Athens social classes?

Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.

How did Athens treat their people?

In Athens, the people governed, and the majority ruled. All citizens had equal rights and powers. In a city-state as small as Athens, a pure democracy was possible. As states grew larger, the notion of electing representatives to make decisions for the public became more practical.

What did Athens value most in society?

education

The Athenians valued education and the arts and believed that educated people made the best citizens. While many boys in Athens received good educations, girls didn’t.

How is Athens described?

In modern times, Athens is a large cosmopolitan metropolis and central to economic, financial, industrial, maritime, political and cultural life in Greece. In 2021, Athens’ urban area hosted more than three and a half million people, which is around 35% of the entire population of Greece.

What are 5 facts about ancient Athens?

Here are 10 fun facts about Athens, Greece that you might not already know:

  • It’s Europe’s oldest capital city.
  • The ancient Olympic games were never actually held there.
  • It was the birthplace of democracy.
  • The marathon was named after a long run to Athens in 490 B.C.
  • It was the first European Capital of Culture.

How would you describe the Athens?

Athens. The city with the most glorious history in the world, a city worshipped by gods and people, a magical city. The enchanting capital of Greece has always been a birthplace for civilization. It is the city where democracy was born and most of the wise men of ancient times.

What was the main way of life in Athens?



Greeks led a relaxed life in ancient times. They were not burdened by the Protestant work ethic as they felt that life was much too valuable to be spent working. So how exactly did a person spend a typical day in ancient Athens? Ancient Athenians led a relaxed life, spending much of their time at the Agora.

Did Athens have culture?

Thanks to the city’s long history, modern Athens is the world centre of archaeological and cultural research. The Ancient Greeks were influenced by the Minoans and other Bronze Age civilisations. Ancient Greek music and art, in turn, influenced Roman and Byzantine arts and music.

What was Athens like before democracy?

Before the first attempt at democratic government, Athens was ruled by a series of archons or chief magistrates, and the Areopagus, made up of ex-archons. The members of these institutions were generally aristocrats.

Is Athens a democratic society?

Although Athens is the most famous ancient Greek democratic city-state, it was not the only one, nor was it the first; multiple other city-states adopted similar democratic constitutions before Athens.

What kind of society was Greece?



Greek society was comprised of independent city-states that shared a culture and religion. Ancient Greeks were unified by traditions like the panhellenic games. Greek architecture was designed to facilitate religious ceremonies and common civic spaces.

Was Athens a democracy or aristocracy?

The Athenian Revolution (508–507 BCE) was a revolt by the people of Athens that overthrew the ruling aristocratic oligarchy, establishing the almost century-long self-governance of Athens in the form of a participatory democracy – open to all free male citizens.

Is Athens suburban or urban?

In modern times, Athens is a large cosmopolitan metropolis and central to economic, financial, industrial, maritime, political and cultural life in Greece. In 2021, Athens’ urban area hosted more than three and a half million people, which is around 35% of the entire population of Greece.

How are people in Athens?

Gregarious, hospitable and relaxed, Athenians enjoy life to the full. As in any other major city, the visitor will come across people from all walks of life, most of whom are very friendly and willing to offer assistance.

What was housing like in Athens?

A typical house would have had a kitchen, a storage room, an animal shed, possibly a bathroom, and a lounge-type room for men’s gatherings. The upstairs rooms (if they had them) would have housed women, children and, if they were reasonably wealthy, slaves.