The Nazi government that ruled under Adolf Hitler between 1933 and 1945 was a fascist government. 3. Fascism is a far-right theory of government that opposes the political philosophies of the Enlightenment and the 19th century, including democratic liberalism, communism, and socialism.
What does fascism mean in war?
1 often capitalized : a political philosophy, movement, or regime (such as that of the Fascisti) that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition.
What is fascism in simple terms?
noun. Britannica Dictionary definition of FASCISM. [noncount] 1. or Fascism : a way of organizing a society in which a government ruled by a dictator controls the lives of the people and in which people are not allowed to disagree with the government.
What role did fascism play in ww2?
Between 1933 and 1945 Germany had its own fascist dictator in Adolf Hitler. Fascism spread because of the hurting economy in Europe. After the fall of the Kaiser in Germany the people of Germany were left with a country in shambles. This had the people struggling to find a leader.
What are the main ideas of fascism?
Common themes among fascist movements include: nationalism (including racial nationalism), hierarchy and elitism, militarism, masculinity, and quasi-religion. Other aspects of fascism such as its “myth of decadence”, anti-egalitarianism and totalitarianism can be seen to originate from these ideas.
What is fascism example?
Examples of fascism include the German Nazi Party, the Italian Fascist Party, as well as the Spanish Nationalists. These movements were led by Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, and Francisco Franco respectively. Many other fascist movements existed.
What are 3 basic features of fascism?
Roger Griffin describes fascism as “a genus of political ideology whose mythic core in its various permutations is a palingenetic form of populist ultranationalism.” Griffin describes the ideology as having three core components: “(i) the rebirth myth, (ii) populist ultra-nationalism, and (iii) the myth of decadence.”
What is fascism ww2 quizlet?
fascism. A system of government characterized by strict social and economic control and a strong, centralized government usually headed by a dictator.
How did the rise of fascism and Nazism lead to World war 2?
Nazi Germany followed the ideology called Nazism or National Socialism that promoted violent practices to restore German pride. In September 1939, to conquer more land and resources for Germany, Hitler invaded Poland, sparking off world war two.
What was fascism in Germany?
The Nazi government that ruled under Adolf Hitler between 1933 and 1945 was a fascist government. Fascism is a far-right theory of government that opposes the political philosophies of the Enlightenment and the 19th century, including democratic liberalism, communism, and socialism.
How do you explain fascism to a child?
As we learned, fascism is the political idea where the government controls everything, like in Nazi Germany under Adolph Hitler and Italy under Benito Mussolini. People aren’t allowed to say or do what they want.
What is the difference between fascism and dictatorship?
Fascism means more than dictatorship, however. It’s distinct from simple authoritarianism – an anti-democratic government by a strongman or small elite – and “Stalinism” – authoritarianism with a dominant bureaucracy and economic control, named after the former Soviet leader.
How does fascism work quizlet?
Fascism is a form of government that is ruled by a dictator. The government will control the lives of the people and they are not allowed to disagree with the government.
What were the origins of the word fascism?
WATCH: What is Fascism? (video)
What is the difference between Nazism and fascism?
Nazism is a form of fascism, with disdain for liberal democracy and the parliamentary system. It incorporates fervent antisemitism, anti-communism, scientific racism, and the use of eugenics into its creed.
What is the main difference between fascism and democracy?
Fascism is living under a dictatorship; living oppressed and under someone else’s beliefs without having your own freedom and limited rights. Democracy is a form of government that is made for the people and ran by the people. The key difference between democracy and fascism includes the type of government.
What is fascism vs socialism?
Fascism is a dictatorial form of political ideology. Socialism, on the other hand, is an ideology where individuals of a society own the means of production. A fascist ruler wields supreme power and authority over a country. In contrast, rulers of socialist nations distribute power and authority among the states.
Are fascism and capitalism the same?
Fascists have commonly sought to eliminate the autonomy of large-scale capitalism and relegate it to the state. However, fascism does support private property rights and the existence of a market economy and very wealthy individuals. Thus, fascist ideology included both pro-capitalist and anti-capitalist elements.
What type of economy is fascism?
As an economic system, fascism is socialism with a capitalist veneer. The word derives from fasces, the Roman symbol of collectivism and power: a tied bundle of rods with a protruding ax.