1818 Occupation During 1818, Florida was still a Spanish territory and the United States was looking to protect people who lived alongside the borders of Spanish West Florida and the United States. President MonroePresident MonroeIn the United States, only the first five Presidents, from George Washington to James Monroe, wore this style of hat according to the fashion of the 18th century. James Monroe earned the nickname “The Last Cocked Hat” because of this.

What reason did Jackson give for invading Florida?

He was, in fact, sent down to Fort Scott because of Seminole retaliatory strikes against the United States in late 1817. General Jackson concluded that it was necessary for the United States to invade Spanish territory and forcibly take control of Pensacola, thereby dispersing (or killing) the Indians gathered there.

Did Jackson have permission to invade Florida?

Jackson was told that he could chase raiding Seminoles into Florida. But he did not have the authority to invade the Spanish colony. Despite his orders, Jackson marched into Florida with a force of 1,700 troops.

Why did Spain sell Florida to the United States?

Florida had become a burden to Spain, which could not afford to send settlers or garrisons, so the Spanish government decided to cede the territory to the United States in exchange for settling the boundary dispute along the Sabine River in Spanish Texas.

What does Jackson actually do in Florida in 1817?

In December 1817, U.S. General Andrew Jackson was given command of U.S. forces in the area. In the following spring, he led troops against Seminole villages on Lake Miccosukee and along the Suwannee River, destroying them as he went.

Who did Andrew Jackson fight in Florida?

From 1817-1818, the United States Army invaded Spanish Florida and fought against the Seminole and their African American allies. Collectively, these battles came to be known as the First Seminole War. Americans reacted to these confrontations by sending Andrew Jackson to Florida with an army of about 3,000 men.

Why did the US want Florida?

Gaining control of Florida for the United States would mean gaining control of the Mississippi River. That was an important route for trade. At the same time, Britain also wanted to regain control of Florida. Finally in 1821, the United States was successful in purchasing Florida from Spain.

What 3 things did Andrew Jackson do in Florida?

In all, Andrew Jackson visited Florida only three times: in 1814 during the War of 1812, in 1818 during the First Seminole War, and in 1821 to organize the first territorial government.

Why didn’t Jackson admit Texas to the US?

President Andrew Jackson refused to annex Texas during his second term to avoid an anti-slavery issue during the 1836 election. President Jackson was in favor of acquiring Texas and made an offer to purchase the land from Mexico for $5 million, but the offer was turned down.

Who owned Florida before the US?

Florida was under colonial rule by Spain from the 16th century to the 19th century, and briefly by Great Britain during the 18th century (1763–1783) before becoming a territory of the United States in 1821. Two decades later, on March 3, 1845, Florida was admitted to the Union as the 27th U.S. state.

Did us pay Spain for Florida?

In 1819, after years of negotiations, Secretary of State John Quincy Adams achieved a diplomatic coup with the signing of the Florida Purchase Treaty, which officially put Florida into U.S. hands at no cost beyond the U.S. assumption of some $5 million of claims by U.S. citizens against Spain.

Why did Spain lose Florida?



Possession by Britain



In 1763, Spain traded Florida to Great Britain in exchange for control of Havana, Cuba, and Manila in the Philippines, which had been captured by the British during the Seven Years’ War.

Did Jackson support annexation?

Jackson prudently declined to endorse American annexation of Texas or even to recognize the new republic without prior congressional approval. Still, his earlier inept efforts to buy the province helped sow seeds of mutual distrust that would bear fruit in war between the United States and Mexico a decade later.

Did Jackson declare martial law?

In part to address flagging civilian will, Jackson declared martial law. It was the first such declaration in United States history. Jackson proclaimed “those who are not for us are against us, and will be dealt with accordingly.”

Why do you think most Americans supported Jackson’s actions in Florida?

Why do you think most Americans supported Jackson’s actions in Florida? Resented Seminole Indians helping runaway slaves and raiding settlements; wanted to expand U.S. territory.

How did Jackson benefit the US?



Jackson laid the framework for democracy, paid off the national debt, gained new lands for America, strengthened relationships with foreign nations globally and issued a new currency.

Who owned Florida before the US?

Florida was under colonial rule by Spain from the 16th century to the 19th century, and briefly by Great Britain during the 18th century (1763–1783) before becoming a territory of the United States in 1821. Two decades later, on March 3, 1845, Florida was admitted to the Union as the 27th U.S. state.