The Watergate scandal was a major political scandal in the United States involving the administration of U.S. President Richard Nixon from 1972 to 1974 that led to Nixon’s resignation.

What was the Watergate break-in and what was its purpose?

On June 17, 1972, police arrested burglars in the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate complex in Washington, D.C. Evidence linked the break-in to President Richard Nixon’s re-election campaign.

What were the major events of the Watergate scandal?

September 15, 1972: Hunt, Liddy, and the Watergate burglars are indicted by a federal grand jury. November 7, 1972: Nixon re-elected, defeating George McGovern with the largest plurality of votes in American history. January 8, 1973: Five defendants plead guilty as the burglary trial begins. Liddy and James W.

What year did Watergate happen?

Early on the morning of June 17, 1972, five men broke into the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate hotel and office complex in Washington, D.C. A security guard discovered the team and alerted the metro police, who arrested the burglars, who carried more than $3,500 in cash and high-end

How long did the Watergate trial last?

The Watergate Files – The Watergate Trial: May 1972 – June 1973 – Overview. When Judge John Sirica gaveled the trial of the Watergate seven to order on January 8, 1973, federal investigators had already discovered a covert slush fund used to underwrite nefarious activities against Democrats.

What Watergate means?

Definition of Watergate
(Entry 1 of 2) : a scandal usually involving abuses of office, skulduggery, and a cover-up. water gate.

What major events happened in 1972?

Major Events of 1972

  • Summit meeting.
  • Arab terrorists murder 11 people at the Olympic games.
  • Britain takes direct control over Northern Ireland.
  • President Richard Nixon visits China.
  • SALT Agreement.
  • Congressman Ford is sworn in as Vice President.
  • Managua is leveled by an earthquake.

How did the Watergate scandal start?

The scandal stemmed from the Nixon administration’s continual attempts to cover up its involvement in the June 17, 1972 break-in of the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Washington, D.C., Watergate Office Building.

Who caught the Watergate burglars?

During the early hours of June 17, 1972, Frank Wills was the security guard on duty at the Watergate office complex in Washington, DC.. This log shows that at 1:47 a.m. he called the police, who arrested five burglars inside the Democratic National Committee Headquarters.

What best describes one impact of the Watergate scandal on the nation?

Which best describes one lasting effect of the Watergate scandal? Many Americans lost faith in their government and became cynical about politics.

What did Richard Nixon do?

Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th president of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. He was a member of the Republican Party who previously served as a representative and senator from California and was the 36th vice president from 1953 to 1961.

Who was the only president to ever resign?

After successfully ending American fighting in Vietnam and improving international relations with the U.S.S.R. and China, he became the only President to ever resign the office, as a result of the Watergate scandal. Reconciliation was the first goal set by President Richard M. Nixon.

What amendment did Nixon break?

Immediately after this Act was enacted, Richard Nixon filed a lawsuit in a federal district court claiming that the Act violated the principle of separation of powers, the principle of presidential privilege, Nixon’s personal privacy, his First Amendment right of association, and further asserted that it amounted to a

What constitutional laws did Nixon break?

These articles charged Nixon with: 1) obstruction of justice in attempting to impede the investigation of the Watergate break-in, protect those responsible, and conceal the existence of other illegal activities; 2) abuse of power by using the office of the presidency on multiple occasions, dating back to the first year

Which part did the US Supreme Court play in the Watergate scandal?

Nixon, 418 U.S. 683 (1974), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case that resulted in a unanimous decision against President Richard Nixon, ordering him to deliver tape recordings and other subpoenaed materials to a federal district court.

What did President Nixon do during the Saturday Night Massacre?

U.S. President Richard Nixon ordered Attorney General Elliot Richardson to fire Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox; Richardson refused and resigned effective immediately. Nixon then ordered Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus to fire Cox; Ruckelshaus refused, and also resigned.

What major event happened in 1973?

January 15 – Vietnam War: Citing progress in peace negotiations, President Richard Nixon announces the suspension of offensive action in North Vietnam. January 20 – President Nixon and Vice President Agnew are sworn in for their second term. Roe v. Wade: The U.S. Supreme Court overturns state bans on abortion.

Who was Deep Throat during Watergate?

The character never identified himself as “Deep Throat” – the name was used by other characters when referring to him. It was never specifically mentioned whether he was initially intended to be the same Deep Throat from Watergate; eventually, the character was revealed to be a government official named Ronald Pakula.

What does creep stand for?

The Committee for the Re-election of the President (also known as the Committee to Re-elect the President), abbreviated CRP, but often mocked by the acronym CREEP, was, officially, a fundraising organization of United States President Richard Nixon’s 1972 re-election campaign during the Watergate scandal.

What were the Plumbers in Watergate?

The White House Plumbers, sometimes simply called the Plumbers, were a secret White House group led by G. Gordon Liddy. They were established July 24, 1971, during the presidency of Richard Nixon. Its task was to find out who was giving out classified information, such as the Pentagon Papers, to the news media.

Where are the Nixon tapes?

The system was installed and monitored by the Secret Service, and the tapes were stored in a room in the White House basement. Significant phone lines were tapped as well, including those in the Oval Office, Old Executive Office Building and the Lincoln Sitting Room, which was Nixon’s favorite room in the White House.