Agency is the capacity of individuals to act independently and to make their own free choices. The structure versus agency debate may be understood as an issue of socialization against autonomy in determining whether an individual acts as a free agent or in a manner dictated by social structure.

What does the concept of agency mean?

An agency, in broad terms, is any relationship between two parties in which one, the agent, represents the other, the principal, in day-to-day transactions. The principal or principals have hired the agent to perform a service on their behalf. Principals delegate decision-making authority to agents.

What is the meaning of political agency?

Political Agent or political agent may refer to: Political Resident, a representative with consular duties and political contacts with local chiefs. Political officer (British Empire), an officer of the British imperial civil administration, also called Political Agent.

What is meant by agency theory?

Agency theory is an economic theory that views the firm as a set of contracts among self-interested individuals. An agency relationship is created when a person (the principal) authorizes another person (the agent) to act on his or her behalf.

What does agency mean and why is it important?

Agency is the capacity to act. Agency is somewhat related to autonomy, but it is different. Autonomy is independence—the freedom to act without external control or influence. Autonomy does not necessarily imply agency—one could have independence without the capacity to act.

What is the synonym of agency?

Synonyms of agency

  • arm,
  • branch,
  • bureau,
  • department,
  • desk,
  • division,
  • office,
  • service.


What is human agency?

As elaborated below, human agency is defined as an individual’s capacity to determine and make meaning from their environment through purposive consciousness and reflective and creative action (Houston, 2010).

What is an agency example?

The definition of an agency is a group of people that performs some specific task, or that helps others in some way. A business that takes care of all the details for a person planning a trip is an example of a travel agency.

What are the types of agency?

Types of Agency

  • Agency Arrangements. An agency relationship exists where one person (or company) has authority to bind another person (or company) legally, either generally or in relation to certain matters. …
  • Companies. …
  • Partners. …
  • Employees. …
  • Attorney. …
  • Agents by Estoppel. …
  • Agent of Necessity. …
  • Commercial Agents.

What is agency problem with example?

Understanding Agency Problems



For example, a principal will hire a plumber—the agent—to fix plumbing issues. Although the plumber’s best interest is to collect as much income as possible, they are given the responsibility to perform in whatever situation results in the most benefit to the principal.

What is the meaning of agency in law?

An agency is created when a person delegates his authority to another person, that is, appoints them to do some specific job or a number of them in specified areas of work. Establishment of a Principal-Agent relationship confers rights and duties upon both the parties.

What is the importance of agency relationship?

Agencies play a vital role for their clients to communicate with their audience. Thus client — agency relationship must be strong. Agencies carry forward the client’s vision to their target audience. Sales and marketing depends on the performance of agencies.

What are two important factors of an agency relationship?

Parsing this definition reveals three primary elements of an agency relationship: (1) consent by the principal and the agent; (2) action by the agent on behalf of the principal; and (3) control by the principal.

What is the difference between agency and organization?

Agency: A business or organization providing a particular service on behalf of another business, person, or group. Organization: An organized group of people with a particular purpose, such as a business or government department.

How agency is created?

An agency is created by express appointment when the principal appoints the agent by express agreement with the agent. This express agreement may be an oral or written agreement between the principal and the agent.

What are the three agency problems?

The three types of agency problems: stockholders vs. management, stockholders vs. bondholders.

Which of the following is the best example of an agency problem?

The best example of an agency problem is: Lenders disagreeing with hotel owners about dividend payments.

What is agency problem and how it can be solved?

The agency problem happens when conflicts of interest keep one party from acting in the best interest of another party. By taking specific steps and staying organized, you can minimize the chance of this happening in your business.

What are the agencies of political socialization?

Agents of socialization, sometimes referred to as institutions, work together to influence and shape people’s political and economic norms and values. Such institutions include, but are not limited to: families, media, peers, schools, religions, work and legal systems.

What is meant by political freedom?

Political freedom was described as freedom from oppression or coercion, the absence of disabling conditions for an individual and the fulfillment of enabling conditions, or the absence of life conditions of compulsion, e.g. economic compulsion, in a society.

What does agenda mean in politics?

In politics, a political agenda is a list of subjects or problems (issues) to which government officials as well as individuals outside the government are paying serious attention to at any given time.

What is agency loss?

Strictly defined, agency loss is the difference between the optimal results for the principal and the consequences of the agent’s behavior. For example, when an agent routinely performs with the principal’s best interest in mind, agency loss is zero.

What is an example of agency?

The definition of an agency is a group of people that performs some specific task, or that helps others in some way. A business that takes care of all the details for a person planning a trip is an example of a travel agency.

What are the types of agency?

Types of Agency

  • Agency Arrangements. An agency relationship exists where one person (or company) has authority to bind another person (or company) legally, either generally or in relation to certain matters. …
  • Companies. …
  • Partners. …
  • Employees. …
  • Attorney. …
  • Agents by Estoppel. …
  • Agent of Necessity. …
  • Commercial Agents.

What are the 3 agency problems?

The three types of agency problems: stockholders vs. management, stockholders vs. bondholders.

What is agency problem with example?

Understanding Agency Problems



For example, a principal will hire a plumber—the agent—to fix plumbing issues. Although the plumber’s best interest is to collect as much income as possible, they are given the responsibility to perform in whatever situation results in the most benefit to the principal.

Who is the master in agency relationship?

An antiquated term which describes the employment relationship within employment law and is sometimes used in agency law. This relationship can exist, for example, between an employer and employee or an employer and an independent contractor. With regard to agency law, a master is a principal and a servant is an agent.

What causes agency problem?

When the agent acts in their own best interest, rather than the interest of the principal, this can create a problem between the two. For example, corporate finance managers may act as the agent for stockholders where their job is to use the money and invest it in stocks that will be in the best interest of the client.

What is agency problems and how it can be solved?

The agency problem happens when conflicts of interest keep one party from acting in the best interest of another party. By taking specific steps and staying organized, you can minimize the chance of this happening in your business.

Which of the following is the best example of an agency problem?

The best example of an agency problem is: Lenders disagreeing with hotel owners about dividend payments.

What are 2 examples of an agency problem within an organization?

Agency Problems in Corporate Governance



The CEO pay is not equal to their value to the company. Board members may get too comfortable in their positions. Financial matters are not transparent and directors are selected without a majority vote.

What is the definition of the term agency problem?

Brianna has a masters of education in educational leadership, a DBA business management, and a BS in animal science. The agency problem describes conflict between the actions of management and the interests of investors. Examine this concept in detail through the real-world examples provided. Updated: 11/19/2021.