Ann Rosamund Oakley (née Titmuss; born 17 January 1944) is a British sociologist, feminist, and writer.



Ann Oakley.

Ann Rosamund Oakley
Alma mater Bedford College, University of London, Somerville College, Oxford
Genre Fiction (novelist) and non-fiction sociology and feminism

What type of sociologist is Ann Oakley?

Feminist sociologist

Feminist sociologist Ann Oakley is well known for her extensive research on housework and on childbirth, both using unstructured interviews to gain deep, valid data about families and women.

What does Ann Oakley say about feminism?

Feminists, such as Ann Oakley, agree with Marxists and functionalists that the family is essentially a conservative institution that preserves the social order. They disagree with functionalists and agree with Marxists that in doing so it benefits only a powerful group within society.

What did Ann Oakley say about gender?

According to Ann Oakley, who introduced the term to sociology, ‘“Sex” refers to the biological division into male and female; “gender” to the parallel and socially unequal division into femininity and masculinity‘ (see Sex, Gender and Society, 1972).

What does Oakley say about family?

Oakley said that the conventional family puts unnecessary stress on both the wife and husband in families: – Mothers are always at home – this leads to depression and dissatisfaction. – Men are always at work – this leads to stress and health issues as he worries about providing for his family.

What did Ann Oakley believe in?

Oakley, a feminist, desired for changes to be brought about regarding women’s position. She wanted to show how housework in its own right was not a natural extension of women’s role as wife and mother. Oakley wanted to address the experience of housework from the point of view of those who did.

Who is associated with Marxist feminism?

A few women that contributed to the development of Marxist Feminism as a theory were Chizuko Ueno, Anuradha Ghandy, Claudia Jones, and Angela Davis.

What did Ann Oakley find out in her own research on housework?

Oakley’s research findings: the major finding here is that dissatisfaction with housework predominates with 70% of the women interviewed came out as ‘dissatisfied’ monotony is a common experience. Three quarters of the sample report it, and 80% of these are dissatisfied with housework.

What does triple shift mean?

Originally identified by sociologists Duncombe and Marsden, the triple shift occurs when women take on not only paid and unpaid work, but also the responsibility of the emotional work within families, managing and soothing the emotions of partners and children.

Why is it called cereal packet family?

The cereal packet family is a functionalist concept which argues that the idealised version of the family is the nuclear family of mother, father an two children. This is an idea based on the 1950s version of the family and household, ignoring the fact that the families have changed in structure and diversity.

What did Ann Oakley argue?

Instead Oakley argued that women had now had a dual burden. Yes, more women were going out to work, but they were also doing the bulk of the housework and childcare. As such, she argued that increased female employment had not made the family more equal but just meant that women had to work two jobs.

What does Oakley argue the nuclear family is based on?

Writing from a feminist perspective, Oakley addresses the idea of the conventional family which she defines as ‘nuclear families composed of legally married couples, voluntarily choosing the parenthood of one or more children’.

What does Ann Oakley say about the symmetrical family?

Ann Oakley (1974)



Ann Oakley claimed that Willmott and Young’s data was mistaken; therefore, the whole idea of a symmetrical family was flawed. She did her own qualitative research on how housework is shared between partners and found that women still did the majority of the housework.

What is the warm bath theory?

The family provides emotional support to its members. Parsons famously described this in his warm bath theory. This was the idea that when a man came home from a hard day at work, he could relax into is family like a warm bath and it would take away the stress and refresh him for the next day’s work.

What is beanpole family?

“Beanpole families”- those with fewer children and multiple generations of older people – are leading to profound social changes, government statisticians warned yesterday. The beanpole effect was the outcome of a nationwide “pruning of the family tree”, the office for national statistics said.

Who are the Rapoports?


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What did Ann Oakley argue?

Instead Oakley argued that women had now had a dual burden. Yes, more women were going out to work, but they were also doing the bulk of the housework and childcare. As such, she argued that increased female employment had not made the family more equal but just meant that women had to work two jobs.

What did Ann Oakley find out in her own research on housework?

Oakley’s research findings: the major finding here is that dissatisfaction with housework predominates with 70% of the women interviewed came out as ‘dissatisfied’ monotony is a common experience. Three quarters of the sample report it, and 80% of these are dissatisfied with housework.

Who defined feminism?

Charles Fourier, a utopian socialist and French philosopher, is credited with having coined the word “féminisme” in 1837. The words “féminisme” (“feminism”) and “féministe” (“feminist”) first appeared in France and the Netherlands in 1872, Great Britain in the 1890s, and the United States in 1910.

What is the feminist theory in sociology?

< Sociological Theory. Feminist Theory is a way of looking at the social world through the lens of gender inequality. The focus is on male and female ‘power. ‘ Feminist theory addresses the roles women have in society and the ongoing battles women face.

What are the 4 types of feminism?

Feminism is a political movement; it exists to rectify sexual inequalities, although strategies for social change vary enormously. There are four types of Feminism – Radical, Marxist, Liberal, and Difference.

What are the 3 feminist theories?

Among the major feminist theories are liberal feminism, radical feminism, Marxist/socialist feminism, postmodern/poststructuralist feminism, and multiracial feminism.

What is meant by liberal feminism?

Liberal feminism, also called mainstream feminism, is a main branch of feminism defined by its focus on achieving gender equality through political and legal reform within the framework of liberal democracy.

What is radical and liberal feminism?

Compared to liberal feminists who focus on the workplace and legal changes, radical feminists tend to believe that sexism is at the core of patriarchal societies and, therefore, it is impossible to eliminate sexism without demolishing current social institutions and recreating a woman-identified world (Lindsey, 2014).

What are the main types of feminism?

Three main types of feminism emerged: mainstream/liberal, radical, and cultural.

What is 1st 2nd and 3rd wave feminism?

September 21, 2021 Posted by Sethmini. The key difference between first second and third wave feminism is that the first wave feminism was mainly about suffrage, and the second wave feminism was about reproductive rights, whereas the third wave feminism was about female heteronormality.

Who started liberal feminism?

Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1799) represents the beginning of the liberal feminist movement. She wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, in which she makes the case that women need to be educated just as well as men so that they can grow up to be moral and autonomous human beings (12-13).

Who is known as first modern feminist?

1791), Mary Wollstonecraft (d. 1797) and Jane Austen (d. 1817) are foremothers of the modern women’s movement. All of these people advocated for the dignity, intelligence, and basic human potential of the female sex.

Who is the father of modern feminism?

Betty Friedan

Betty Friedan launched modern feminism, arguably the most influential and successful intellectual movement of the 20th century. Friedan’s feminism emphasized career-oriented independence for women and men instead of domestic life.

Who led the first wave of feminism?

Some of these early activists include, Sojourner Truth, Elizabeth Blackwell, Jane Addams, and Dorothy Day. The first wave of feminism was primarily led by white women in the middle class, and it was not until the second wave of feminism that women of color began developing a voice.