In 1976, Emma DeGraffenreid and several other black women sued General Motors for discrimination, arguing that the company segregated its workforce by race and gender: Blacks did one set of jobs and whites did another.

What is Kimberlé Crenshaw’s intersectionality quizlet?

Intersectionality introduced by Kimberle Crenshaw: § How biological, social and cultural categories (gender, race, class, ability, sexual orientation, etc.) & other axes of identity intersect on multiple and simultaneous levels. § How those intersections contribute to & are shaped by systematic social inequalities.

How does Crenshaw define intersectionality?

Kimberlé Crenshaw, the law professor at Columbia and UCLA who coined the term intersectionality to describe the way people’s social identities can overlap, tells TIME about the politicization of her idea, its lasting relevance and why all inequality is not created equal.

What is intersectionality essay?

Intersectionality, a feminist sociological theory, is a term coined by a famous researcher Kimberlé Crenshaw in her essay entitled Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics (1989).

What is meant by intersectionality of identity?

INTERSECTING IDENTITIES. Intersecting identities is the concept that an individual’s identity consists of multiple, intersecting factors, including but not limited to gender identity, gender expression, race, ethnicity, class (past and present), religious beliefs, sexual identity and sexual expression.

What are the three forms of intersectionality?

According to Crenshaw, there are three forms of intersectionality: structural, political, and representational intersectionality.

What are the three main factors involved in intersectionality?

These factors include: race, indigeneity, socioeconomic status, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, age, (dis)ability, spirituality, immigration/refugee status, language, and education. One of the ideas of intersectionality is for individuals, groups and communities to self-identify.

What is the goal of intersectionality?

Intersectionality is the acknowledgement that everyone has their own unique experiences of discrimination and oppression and we must consider everything and anything that can marginalise people – gender, race, class, sexual orientation, physical ability, etc.

How does intersectionality impact our lives?

Intersectionality shows us that social identities work on multiple levels, resulting in unique experiences, opportunities, and barriers for each person. Therefore, oppression cannot be reduced to only one part of an identity; each oppression is dependent on and shapes the other.

Why is intersectionality important to social justice?

Intersectionality centers social justice from various social locations. Without the input or understanding of resistance from the people whose experiences of injustices we seek to alleviate, we risk reproducing structures that reinforce oppression through different means.

What is another word for intersectionality?

What is another word for intersectionality?

intersectionalism interconnectedness
analogy correlation
connectedness togetherness
mutuality interrelatedness
reciprocity interdependence

What is intersectionality give an example?

Intersectionality recognizes that identity markers (e.g. “woman” and “black”) do not exist independently of each other, and that each informs the others, often creating a complex convergence of oppression. For instance, a black man and a white woman make $0.74 and $0.78 to a white man’s dollar, respectively.

What are the key concepts of intersectionality?

The authors present six core ideas of intersectionality as an analytical tool: social inequality, intersecting power relations (structural, disciplinary, cultural and interpersonal), social context, relationality, social justice and complexity.

How do you explain intersectionality to a child?


Quote from video: It also gives us a way to talk about oppressions. And privileges that overlap and reinforce each other. This term dates back to the 1980s. And legal scholar kimberlé crenshaw.

Can intersectionality be positive?

While negative intersectionality hinders proper healthcare, on the other side, positive intersectionality helps in accurate diagnosis. It shows that paying particular attention to the ways that axes of identity and structural inequality converge can yield unexpected results.

What is intersectionality in feminism?

Kimberlé Crenshaw, an American law professor who coined the term in 1989 explained Intersectional feminism as, “a prism for seeing the way in which various forms of inequality often operate together and exacerbate each other,” in a recent interview with Time.

How do you practice intersectionality?

The health of communities that face intersectional forms of discrimination is often overlooked. One practical way to put intersectionality into practice is to ask whether the particular health needs of individuals and communities that face overlapping and intersecting forms of oppression are being met.

What are the benefits of intersectionality?

Intersectionality provides a lens through which we can examine the processes, practices, policies, and structures that increase the risk of students experiencing disadvantage or discrimination because of their intersecting identities.

What is intersectionality in crime?

Intersectionality is the concept that people are made up of multiple social identities, such as gender, ethnicity, class and sexual orientation. These aspects of identity are not mutually exclusive. They intersect to form a whole, which differs from the separate components.

Why did Crenshaw develop intersectionality?

“Intersectionality was a prism to bring to light dynamics within discrimination law that weren’t being appreciated by the courts,” Crenshaw said.

When did Crenshaw coined intersectionality?

1989

Legal scholar Kimberlé Crenshaw coined the term “intersectionality” in 1989 to describe how systems of oppression overlap to create distinct experiences for people with multiple identity categories.

What is Kimberlé Crenshaw known for?

Kimberlé W. Crenshaw is a pioneering scholar and writer on civil rights, critical race theory, Black feminist legal theory, and race, racism and the law. In addition to her position at Columbia Law School, she is a Distinguished Professor of Law at the University of California, Los Angeles.

What is an example of intersectionality?

An intersectional approach might include focusing on the unique challenges that those who sit at the intersections of overlapping systems of discrimination face, such as Black immigrants (who face both racial discrimination and discrimination because of their immigration status) or homeless transgender young people (

What is another word for intersectionality?

What is another word for intersectionality?

intersectionalism interconnectedness
analogy correlation
connectedness togetherness
mutuality interrelatedness
reciprocity interdependence

What are the key concepts of intersectionality?

The authors present six core ideas of intersectionality as an analytical tool: social inequality, intersecting power relations (structural, disciplinary, cultural and interpersonal), social context, relationality, social justice and complexity.

How does intersectionality affect society?

Intersectionality shows us that social identities work on multiple levels, resulting in unique experiences, opportunities, and barriers for each person. Therefore, oppression cannot be reduced to only one part of an identity; each oppression is dependent on and shapes the other.

Can intersectionality be positive?

While negative intersectionality hinders proper healthcare, on the other side, positive intersectionality helps in accurate diagnosis. It shows that paying particular attention to the ways that axes of identity and structural inequality converge can yield unexpected results.

What is intersectionality in feminism?

Kimberlé Crenshaw, an American law professor who coined the term in 1989 explained Intersectional feminism as, “a prism for seeing the way in which various forms of inequality often operate together and exacerbate each other,” in a recent interview with Time.

What is the difference between diversity and intersectionality?

However, diversity is more complicated that that and often times exists in layers. It is not all-or-nothing, but rather, different types of diversity (gender, race, sexual orientation, etc.) build, layer, and intersect with each other. This idea is known as intersectionality.

What are the benefits of intersectionality?

Intersectionality provides a lens through which we can examine the processes, practices, policies, and structures that increase the risk of students experiencing disadvantage or discrimination because of their intersecting identities.

How do you overcome intersectionality?

Six ways organisations can improve on intersectionality

  1. Recognise individual identities. …
  2. Capture data to improve intersectionality. …
  3. Create a culture of acknowledgement and understanding. …
  4. Capture diversity of thought. …
  5. Help leaders to understand intersectionality. …
  6. Educate colleagues on intersectionality.


Why is intersectionality important to social justice?

An intersectional approach ensures that no one is left behind in the fight for justice and equality. It ensures that communities and movements are inclusive of differences and work together towards equality. It prevents combating one form of discrimination at the expense of another.

What is intersectionality in crime?

Intersectionality is the concept that people are made up of multiple social identities, such as gender, ethnicity, class and sexual orientation. These aspects of identity are not mutually exclusive. They intersect to form a whole, which differs from the separate components.

How does intersectionality affect education?

Relating to inclusive education, intersectionality can be used to emphasize the notion that students who are marginalized or discriminated against often experience multiple forms of marginalization and discrimination not only at the individual level, but also at the level of the institution.